Kamis, 06 Januari 2011

Preeclampsia and Eclampsia


We may be familiar with pre-eclampsia, preeclampsia or often also called toxemia is a condition that can be experienced by any pregnant woman. The disease is characterized by increased blood pressure which was followed by increased levels of protein in the urine. Pregnant women with preeclampsia also experience swelling in the feet and hands. Preeclampsia generally appear in mid-gestation, although in some cases there were found in early pregnancy.


Eclampsia is a condition of continuation of preeclampsia are not resolved properly. In addition to experiencing symptoms of preeclampsia, in women affected by eclampsia are also often suffer from seizures seizures. Eclampsia can cause coma or even death of either before, during or after childbirth.

The cause of preeclampsia and eclampsia

It is not yet known for certain causes of this disorder, but studies say there are several factors that can support the occurrence of preeclampsia and eclampsia. Factors such factors, among others, poor nutrition, obesity and impaired blood flow to the uterus.

risk factors for preeclampsia

Preeclampsia usually occurs in first pregnancies, pregnancy in adolescence and pregnancy in women over 40 years. Other risk factors are:

*  History of diabetes, kidney disorders, lupus or rheumatoid arthritis
*  History of chronic high blood pressure before pregnancy.
*  History experienced preeclampsia before.
*  History of preeclampsia in the mother or sister.
Containing more than one baby.

symptoms of preeclampsia

In addition to swelling in the feet and hands, protein in urine and high blood pressure, preeclampsia symptoms that warrant concern are:

*   Severe headache.
*   Weight loss increased drastically due to the accumulation of fluid in the body.
*   Abdominal pain.
*   Decrease in urine production or no urine at all.
*   Changes in the reflex.
*   Excessive nausea and vomiting
*   There was blood in the urine.
*   Dizziness.

Effect of preeclampsia on infants

Preeclampsia can cause circulatory disorders of the placenta. This will cause weight babies born to relatively small. In addition, preeclampsia can also cause premature delivery and complications of premature birth is a continuation of learning delay, epilepsy, sereberal palsy, and hearing and vision problems.

How to treat preeclampsia and eclampsia

Treatment of preeclampsia and eclampsia is the birth of a baby. Mild preeclampsia (blood pressure above 140/90 that occurs at 20 weeks gestation in which the woman had never had previous hypertension) can be observed at home or in hospital terggantung general condition of the patient.

If your baby is still premature, it is cultivated patient's general condition is maintained until the baby is ready to be born. The delivery process should be performed in hospital under strict supervision of obstetricians. If your baby is enough, then you should soon be born either induction (stimulated) or surgery.

For severe preeclampsia better done in a hospital intensive care in order to maintain the condition of mother and baby that is in the womb.

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